I see little to nothing mentioned about multi-cast capability.
I am only interested in receiving multi-cast messages - not replying to them and not transmitting them.
In my ENET driver I set a multi-cast filter to help weed out unwanted messages. I know the range of multi-cast IP addresses I'm interested in ... so Can I do the following within the current stack or will some changes be required.
I currently filter messages in the driver and call eConsiderFrameForProcessing() within the driver to decide if I pass the message on to the stack or discard it early.
The task looking for these multi-cast messdages is receiving them via a call to FreeRTOSrecvfrom() with the FREERTOSZERO_COPY flag set. The socket used is UDP with NO IP address set - only a PORT.
If I detect one of my multi-cast IP messages, will eConsiderFrameForProcessing() say it's not wanted? If so, can I bypass that "false" detection?
Thanks for any reply.
There is little direct support for multi-cast over and above
LLMNR/NETBIOS at the moment, but there was a longish thread recently
about how multicast functionality can be achieved with the correct
filtering configuration and a little magic in the driver - but it
doesn't seem to be in the support forum so must have been in a email
thread I was copied on. Hein will be able to provide a informed response.
Indeed there is no explicit support for multi-cast (except for LLMNR and LinkLayer Auto-IP).
The reception of multi-cast packets is perfectly possible if you:
ipconfigETHERNET_DRIVER_FILTERS_PACKETS as 1 to stop the IP-task from filtering packets
● program the EMAC peripheral to allow for multi-cast IP addresses, this often uses a hash table
● create an ordinary UDP socket and bind it to the target port number
Suppose you want to serve these two end-points:
188.8.131.52 port 5000
184.108.40.206 port 5000
The IP-task will forward all multi-cast packets to a UDP socket bound to port 5000. Just like normal UDP traffic you can receive the messages by calling:
struct freertossockaddr *pxSourceAddress,
socklen_t *pxSourceAddressLength )
When receiving a UDP packet, you get to know the source IP-address and source port number. What you do not know is the destination address (x.x.x.37/x.x.x.38 in this example)
In an email you asked:
> I saw that there are some advanced callback features in the stack.
> Any of those do what I’m looking for?
For your UDP application
FREERTOS_SO_UDP_RECV_HANDLER might be useful.
You'll find an example in
#if( ipconfigUSE_CALLBACKS != 0 )
memset( &xHandler, '\0', sizeof ( xHandler ) );
xHandler.pxOnUDPReceive = xOnUDPReceive;
FreeRTOS_setsockopt( xUDPSocket, 0, FREERTOS_SO_UDP_RECV_HANDLER, ( void * ) &xHandler, sizeof( xHandler ) );
You also get to see the destination address in
static BaseType_t xOnUDPReceive( Socket_t xSocket, void * pvData, size_t xLength,
const struct freertos_sockaddr *pxFrom, const struct freertos_sockaddr *pxDest )
/* When returning non-zero, the packet data will be released.
When returning zero, the packet data can still be received in a
call to FreeRTOS_recvfrom(). */
The driver will pass both addresses:
We called the call-back mechanisms "advanced" because they must be handled with care. Be aware that the function is called from the IP-task, which has its own high priority and its own small stack. It is not wise to do a blocking call from within a call-back. Also the use of +TCP API's is very limited.
Conclusion: it is very well possible to receive multi-cast traffic. When using
FREERTOS_SO_UDP_RECV_HANDLER it is possible to see both source and destination address of each incoming packet.
Replying to multi-cast messages is only possible with normal UDP, i.e. from the local IP address