Performs a Domain Name System (DNS) lookup on a host name, returning
the hosts IP address. For example, assuming a DNS server replies to the
lookup request, a call to FreeRTOS_gethostbyname( "www.freertos.org" ) will
return freertos.org's IP address.
ipconfigUSE_DNS must be set to 1 in FreeRTOSIPConfig.h for FreeRTOS_gethostbyname()
to be available.
A DNS lookup can only be performed when FreeRTOS+UDP knows the IP address
of a DNS server. If ipconfigUSE_DHCP is 0 in FreeRTOSIPConfig.h then the DNS server address
is passed into FreeRTOS+UDP as a parameter of the FreeRTOS_IPInit() function. If
ipconfigUSE_DHCP is 1 in FreeRTOSIPConfig.h then the DNS server address
can be obtained from a DHCP server.
FreeRTOS_gethostbyname() will wait (in the Blocked state so other tasks
can execute) for a reply for 200ms after each DNS request - with a maximum
of 5 DNS requests being sent.
A standard NULL terminated string containing the name
of the host being looked up.
If the lookup is successful then the IP address of the host is returned
in network byte order.
If the lookup fails then 0 is returned.
/* FreeRTOS+UDP sockets include */
void aFunction( void )
int8_t cBuffer[ 16 ];
/* Lookup the IP address of the FreeRTOS.org website. */
ulIPAddress = FreeRTOS_gethostbyname( "www.freertos.org" );
if( ulIPAddress != 0 )
/* Convert the IP address to a string. */
FreeRTOS_inet_ntoa( ulIPAddress, ( char * ) cBuffer );
/* Print out the IP address. */
printf( "www.FreeRTOS.org is at IP address %s\r\n", cBuffer );
printf( "DNS lookup failed. " );
Example use of the FreeRTOS_gethostbyname() API function