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vApplicationIPNetworkEventHook()

[FreeRTOS Embedded IP Stack API]

FreeRTOS_sockets.h
void vApplicationIPNetworkEventHook( eIPCallbackEvent_t eNetworkEvent );
		

vApplicationIPNetworkEventHook() is an application defined hook (or callback) function that is called by the IP stack when the network either connects or disconnects. As the function is called by the IP stack the IP stack sets the value of the function's parameter.

Callback functions are implemented by the application writer, but called by the IP stack. The prototype of the callback function must exactly match the prototype above (including the function name).


The value of the eNetworkEvent parameter will equal eNetworkUp if the IP stack called vApplicationIPNetworkEventHook() because the network connected:

  • If ipconfigUSE_DHCP server is set to 1 in FreeRTOSIPConfig.h then vApplicationIPNetworkEventHook( eNetworkUp ) is called when an IP address is obtained from a DHCP server and when the lease for an IP address previously obtained from a DHCP is renewed.

  • If ipconfigUSE_DHCP server is set to 0 in FreeRTOSIPConfig.h then vApplicationIPNetworkEventHook( eNetworkUp ) is called when the network has been initialised with a static IP address.


The value of the eNetworkEvent parameter will equal eNetworkDown if the IP stack called vApplicationIPNetworkEventHook() because the network disconnected:

  • The IP stack calls vApplicationIPNetworkEventHook( eNetworkDown ) when it is informed by the network driver (the interface to the Ethernet peripheral) that network connectivity has been lost. Not all drivers will implement this functionality.


The application will only call vApplicationIPNetworkEventHook() if ipconfigUSE_NETWORK_EVENT_HOOK is set to 1 in FreeRTOSIPConfig.h.

The network event hook is a good place to create tasks that use the IP stack as it ensures the tasks are not created until the IP stack is ready.

Example usage:


/* Defined by the application code, but called by FreeRTOS+UDP when the network
connects/disconnects (if ipconfigUSE_NETWORK_EVENT_HOOK is set to 1 in
FreeRTOSIPConfig.h). */
void vApplicationIPNetworkEventHook( eIPCallbackEvent_t eNetworkEvent )
{
uint32_t ulIPAddress, ulNetMask, ulGatewayAddress, ulDNSServerAddress;
static BaseType_t xTasksAlreadyCreated = pdFALSE;
int8_t cBuffer[ 16 ];

    /* Check this was a network up event, as opposed to a network down event. */
    if( eNetworkEvent == eNetworkUp )
    {
        /* Create the tasks that use the IP stack if they have not already been
        created. */
        if( xTasksAlreadyCreated == pdFALSE )
        {
            /*
             * Create the tasks here.
             */

            xTasksAlreadyCreated = pdTRUE;
        }

        /* The network is up and configured.  Print out the configuration,
        which may have been obtained from a DHCP server. */
        FreeRTOS_GetAddressConfiguration( &ulIPAddress,
                                          &ulNetMask,
                                          &ulGatewayAddress,
                                          &ulDNSServerAddress );

        /* Convert the IP address to a string then print it out. */
        FreeRTOS_inet_ntoa( ulIPAddress, cBuffer );
        printf( "IP Address: %s\r\n", cBuffer );

        /* Convert the net mask to a string then print it out. */
        FreeRTOS_inet_ntoa( ulNetMask, cBuffer );
        printf( "Subnet Mask: %s\r\n", cBuffer );

        /* Convert the IP address of the gateway to a string then print it out. */
        FreeRTOS_inet_ntoa( ulGatewayAddress, cBuffer );
        printf( "Gateway IP Address: %s\r\n", cBuffer );

        /* Convert the IP address of the DNS server to a string then print it out. */
        FreeRTOS_inet_ntoa( ulDNSServerAddress, cBuffer );
        printf( "DNS server IP Address: %s\r\n", cBuffer );
    }
}
						
Example vApplicationIPNetworkEventHook() definition


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