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Interrupt handling in FreeRTOS

Posted by Bart on June 6, 2010
Hi,

I'm wondering if there is a special mechanism for handling
interrupts in FreeRTOS? I wanted to write a simple interrupt
routine that would toggle a led when I press a button. But sadly,
when I add the interrupt initialization code, the task won't start.
Here's the code:


void initInterr()
{
AT91F_AIC_ConfigureIt(AT91C_BASE_AIC, AT91C_ID_PIOA, 5, AT91C_AIC_SRCTYPE_INT_HIGH_LEVEL,ChangeFlashRate);
AT91F_AIC_EnableIt(AT91C_BASE_AIC, AT91C_ID_PIOA);
AT91C_BASE_PIOA->PIO_IER = AT91C_PIO_PA19; // B1
}


void vStartLEDFlashTasks()
{
initInterr();
xTaskCreate( vLEDBlink, ( signed char * ) "LEDtaskC", configMINIMAL_STACK_SIZE, NULL, tskIDLE_PRIORITY + 2, NULL );

}



void ChangeFlashRate()
{
int status;
status = AT91C_BASE_PIOA->PIO_ISR;
vParTestToggleLED( 0 );
}



As you can see it's very simple. I'm using SAM7-P64 dev board. Am i doing it wrong?

RE: Interrupt handling in FreeRTOS

Posted by Bart on June 6, 2010
It seems like the line :


AT91C_BASE_PIOA->PIO_IER = AT91C_PIO_PA19;


is the problem. If I comment it, the task is running and everything is ok. How should I handle the interrupt then?

RE: Interrupt handling in FreeRTOS

Posted by Rohit Grover on June 6, 2010
Try enabling your interrupt only after the freeRTOS scheduler gets started.
In your FreeRTOS port, isn't there a sample serial driver using interrupts which can help as a reference?

RE: Interrupt handling in FreeRTOS

Posted by Bart on June 8, 2010
Hi, I bought the manual and changed my code, but interrupts still don't work. Everything seems to be ok. Is the ISR written correctly?


void ToggleLedISR()
{
int status;
static portBASE_TYPE xHigherPriorityTaskWoken = pdFALSE;

status = AT91C_BASE_PIOA->PIO_ISR;
xSemaphoreGiveFromISR(xSemafor, &xHigherPriorityTaskWoken);

if(xHigherPriorityTaskWoken == pdTRUE) {
AT91C_BASE_AIC->AIC_EOICR = 0xFA;
portYIELD_FROM_ISR();
}


}


Here's the task that takes the semaphore:




void ToggleLedTask(void *pvParameters) {


while(1) {
xSemaphoreTake(xSemafor, portMAX_DELAY);

vParTestToggleLED( 0 );

}
}


RE: Interrupt handling in FreeRTOS

Posted by Richard Damon on June 8, 2010
Not familiar with this processor, but the line
AT91C_BASE_AIC->AIC_EOICR = 0xFA;
would be my guess at the error. I presume this is an end of interrupt control, and probably doesn't want to be conditioned on xHigherPriorityTaskWoken. I would suggest placing it before the if statement.

RE: Interrupt handling in FreeRTOS

Posted by Bart on June 8, 2010
I got it working. It seems that an interrupt handler that gives a token to a semaphore needs to be called from a wrapper that copies the context. I got it working with:


void vLed_ISR_Wrapper( void )
{
/* Save the context of the interrupted task. */
portSAVE_CONTEXT();

/* Call the handler itself. This must be a separate function as it uses
the stack. */
__asm volatile ("bl vLed_ISR_Handler");

/* Restore the context of the task that is going to
execute next. This might not be the same as the originally
interrupted task.*/
portRESTORE_CONTEXT();
}


Now, correct me if I'm wrong, but that is the only way I managed to get it done. Without the wrapper the processor "hangs" itself. And of course both the wrapper and the handler must be compiled in ARM mode. Or is there a way without using a wrapper?

RE: Interrupt handling in FreeRTOS

Posted by Richard on June 8, 2010
If your interrupt is wanting to cause a context switch, or wanting to call a FreeRTOS API function, then the wrapper is required - as per the documentation and examples.

Regards.


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